Lafcadio Hearn wrote in his 1901 book A Japanese Miscellany that Japanese poets had created dragonfly haiku "almost as numerous as are the dragonflies themselves in the early autumn." The poets Matsuo Bashō (1644-1694) and Hori Bakusui (1718-1783) wrote the following haiku relating the autumn season to the dragonfly:
Crimson pepper pod add two pairs of wings, and look darting dragonfly.
Dyed he is with the Colour of autumnal days, O red dragonfly.
The distant mountains Are reflected in the eye Of the dragonfly
--Kobayashi Issa 1763-1828 (6)
There are countless Haiku, Tanka, and songs on Dragonflies dating back to at least the 1100s. However most beyond Hearn's book have yet to be translated.